Finding guidelines for designing & using animations
Animations are appealing, especially for teaching the molecular world, which is in constant activity and constantly changing. Animations use change in time to convey change in time.
Surprisingly, animations have often failed as educational tools. One reason is information overload; too much is happening too fast to be perceived. Another reason is cognitive: people think about continuously changing events as sequences of steps. Animations and educational practices can be designed to address these aspects of human perception and cognition. These issues were addressed in our projects.